10 clumps of metal atoms

10 clumps of metal atoms

Iron is one of the top six most abundant elements in the universe. Within the parent nebula [Parent Cloud] of our solar system, there were ten large regions densely populated with metal atoms: primarily iron, with nickel and possibly trace amounts of other metal atoms. Metal atoms have higher atomic mass than most of the other atoms in the Parent Cloud, so these regions cause other atoms from the Cloud to pack around more tightly. (The lighter atoms are said to accrete around the dense clump of metal atoms.)

According to this academic paper, draft version March 31, 2009:
THE IRON ABUNDANCE IN GALACTIC PLANETARY NEBULAE
By G. Delgado-Inglada and M. Rodríguez
Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (INAOE), Apdo Postal 51 y 216, 72000 Puebla, Mexico.
and
A. Mampaso and K. Viironen
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), C/Vía Láctea s/n, E38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain

“more than 90% of [planetary nebulae] iron atoms are condensed onto dust grains.”

Opaque dust like one would expect from metal atoms, show up in Hubble images a brown cloudy parts of a nebula, like the seahorse shape in the image above [http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap141130.html]. Another example is given by the Eagle Nebula [http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap071209.html].

This Hubble image of the star-forming region, Westerlund 2, shows dark wisps as part of a larger nebula region and recently born stars produced from the region with a few remaining wisps of nebula on the edges.

The ten dense pockets of metal atoms assumed as givens of Mass Vortex Theory are the seeds within the Parent Cloud that lead to protoplanets and then planets.

A black hole

A black hole

Science is still learning a lot about black holes. In recent years, the science literature contains references to primordial black holes and micro black holes. For Mass Vortex Theory, the initial black hole is an actual hole in space. This idea is non-standard.

A hardship of the intellectual path towards understanding the singularity at the heart of a black hole is that it requires a new approach to geometry and physics.

The current academic definition of “space” as “the set of all possible points” is counter-productive. Space is fundamentally different from points, lines, planes and other n-dimensional figures that can be observed within it. Space is present between unique points. It is not composed of points.

A more proper model that helps to understand physical space is as follows. Picture an ideal block of homogeneous, clear, jelled gelatin; and imagine a syringe filled with brewed coffee. Now insert the needle of the syringe into the gelatin and inject some coffee. Where the coffee first enters the gelatin mimics a point. A line would be a path filled with coffee between two unique points. The coffee symbolizes pure mass, which I call massfluid. The gelatin symbolizes space. Where pure coffee is, there is no gelatin; pure gelatin does not contain coffee. It is the interaction or interface between the gelatin and coffee that has a geometric interpretation. Similarly, the interaction or interface between pure mass and space leads to the perception of a particle, a wave or a field (in the physics sense of these terms).

A black hole is where pure mass is present and is exiting space. The size of a black hole refers to the rate of the massfluid that is exiting. It is not the case that a black hole is larger in the sense of occupying a larger area of space, because there is no space present in a black hole, just pure mass. [The measurement of distance, area or volume is an activity that has meaning with respect to space, not with respect to mass.] From a geometric point of view all massfluid sinks are point-like.

In this unconventional physics theory, a black hole is a sink (for this physics term think of a kitchen sink with a drain-hole where water exits). The sink associated with a black hole is filled with mass exiting space into a reservoir of pure mass that is present in a different non-spatial dimension (i.e. outside of space). Mass flows into space via tiny holes associated with up quarks in the nucleus of an atom. Massfluid flows from quark entry-points to exit points at: a) down quarks, b) electrons, and c) black holes at the center of stars and galaxies. [The exit points at these three scales of distance are what produce the experience of three spatial dimensions.]

This new approach to physics is a lot to deal with and assimilate; so, for now, feel free to use the idea of a black hole that you already have.

You will NOT be able to see a black hole.
1. As a big drain (or sink), particles are swirling around the “hole” in tight circular paths moving with high energy, so they luminesce (i.e. give off light). This is why the center of spiral galaxies — which have a black hole at the center — glow so brightly in space.
2. Where the hole is, light waves do not behave the way we need them to in order to see something. Artist attempts to show a black hole are misleading; which is why the image above is shown as an indicator of our topic, but not an attempt to graphically show a black hole.

Mass Vortex Theory does not explain how the black hole at the beginning or our Solar System became present, it is a “given” of the theory.

—Sally Seaver

My theories are described in the following documents:

Mass Vortex Theory: Birth of the Earth
[1] Physics theory: Massfluid-Time-Space Theory (Part III of Overview)
[2] Geometry: Space-Cut Theory (Part III of Overview)

A nebula

A nebula

Parent Cloud: a Nebula that Was Present at the Beginning

Nebulae are known to be places where stars are born. They are big clouds of atoms, atoms of different elements. Even observing nebulae that are many millions of light-years distant, we can still distinguish large amounts of: hydrogen, helium, and oxygen. Learn more from an organization that cares about calculations and the integrity of data:
the abundance of elements in the universe.

The elements are not distributed uniformly throughout a nebula, usually various areas have higher concentrations of one element or another. Hydrogen, helium, and oxygen are fairly ubiquitous. Carbon is the next most abundant element, followed by neon, iron, nitrogen, silicon, magnesium and sulfur, respectively. Remaining elements are present in much smaller amounts.

Mass Vortex Theory accepts the presence of a nebula in space without saying anything about how it came to be present. It is a given of the theory.

Below is a logarithmic-scale graph of what NASA concludes regarding the average abundance of elements in our solar system.

—Sally Seaver
Mass Vortex Theory: Birth of the Earth

Average abundance of elements in our solar system

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