Mass Vortex Theory [MVT] asserts that the Asteroid Belt in our solar system is composed of the leftover remains of a planet which the Theory calls Smithereens.

The idea that the Asteroid Belt is due to a shattered planet was embraced in the past, but it has fallen out of favor with modern scientists. The reason it is not accepted is:
a) There is not enough mass in the Asteroid Belt for a planet; only 4% the mass of Earth’s Moon
b) The material in the Asteroid Belt does not show the kind of shock effects that are expected from a planet-scale collision
c) The different chemical composition between asteroids indicates that they did not come from a common single-planet source

In this post, I would like to show why these objections do not apply to Smithereens in the context of Mass Vortex Theory. The rationale involves two key aspects of the Killer Crash.

1. Smithereens (the planet closer to Mars) was just beginning to form; it was not a fully formed planet.

2. Conservation of momentum means that the shattered pieces of Smithereens would have velocity away from the Crash site moving back towards the Parent Vortex; i.e., moving in the opposite direction of the velocity prior to impact.

(1) and (2) negate objection (c), explained as follows.

Consider the process of planet-formation set forth by Mass Vortex Theory. The protoplanet starts to spin; compaction begins. The heavier elements are at various stages of compacting [H for heavier] — forming a layer around the metal-rich iron-heart. At the same time, the iron-heart is in the beginning stages of compacting [IH for iron-heart]. Then the outer layer has the lighter molecules and steam [L+S for lighter and steam] — plus a vast shell of inert gas atoms which do not compact. Depending on when the Killer Crash happens in the formation of Smithereens, you might see some very dense basalt material [B for basalt]. The asteroids show a similar differentiation.

There is reason to believe that Mars has a lot of carbon in its mantle [justification is beyond the scope of this post], so the heterogeneity of the Parent Vortex could easily have a concentration of carbon in the atom-mist of Smithereens, a near neighbor of Mars. Carbon is the 4th most abundant element in the universe which also supports the odds that generous carbon would be present in the atom-mist of Smithereens. 75% of the asteroids in The Asteroid Belt are carbonaceous asteroids, C-Type (according to Wikipedia). Thus, C-Type asteroids match up with H-type material in the formation of Smithereens. Metal-rich M-Type asteroids match up with the IH-type material at the center of Smithereens. Silicon-related molecules make up a portion of the H-type material; silica-rich S-Type asteroids are about 17% of the asteroids in the Asteroid Belt. H-type basalt molecules are in the V-Type asteroids and these form about 6% of the asteroids present in the Belt.

Shattered pieces of Smithereens with the most compact and heaviest molecules — H-type and IH-type — are the ones which bounced away from the Crash Site with enough momentum for substantial travel. Some of the light atoms and molecules kept right on going beyond the Crash site, sheared off from the protoplanet, to form the moon Hyperion. Hyperion shows its formation from light rocky molecules compacting around gases. The Phoebe ring of Saturn is most likely composed of light material from Smithereens also. The Wikipedia article on “Asteroid_belt” says “it is thought that many of the outer asteroids may be icy;” to the extent that this is true, it puts the L+S material in the outer ring of the Asteroid Belt (furthermost from the Sun). The carbon-rich material is revealed as that which transferred momentum to Illo and then remained close to the Crash site.

Given that Smithereens had not fully solidified, the differently-composed parts of the just-forming planet shattered in a characteristic manner. This is reasonable and expected. These pieces from the collision exhibited conserved momentum in a variety of ways in keeping with the material of the shattered piece. Therefore, the different chemical composition of asteroids with their distribution actually confirm the MVT planet formation process.

(1) negates objection (b).

The shock effects expected from the breakup of a fully-formed planet would not be expected in the break-up of a just-forming planet.

(2) negates objection (a).

The majority of the mass of Smithereens transferred some momentum to Illo and changed direction to move away from the Crash site back towards the Parent Vortex. The broken-up pieces of Smithereens then joined the fast-moving flow of the Parent Vortex within 1 au of the center and blended in to it. (Although, we can wonder if maybe a big piece of Smithereens’ iron-heart accreted around Earth’s protoplanet to seed the Moon.) Why expect ALL of the shattered pieces of a planet to stay in the the region of the Asteroid Belt? If you think about it, a crash that would cause the break-up of a (partially solidified) planet should cause fragments to travel away from the crash site.


“The Birth of the Earth” spends attention on results from the Killer Crash going from the Crash site out towards the Kuiper Belt, the Illo side of the Crash. This post provides the balance to consider what happens on the Smithereens side of the Killer Crash.